Nanosize-induced drastic drop in equilibrium hydrogen pressure for hydride formation and structural stabilization in Pd-Rh solid-solution alloys

Hirokazu Kobayashi, Hitoshi Morita, Miho Yamauchi, Ryuichi Ikeda, Hiroshi Kitagawa, Yoshiki Kubota, Kenichi Kato, Masaki Takata, Shoichi Toh, Syo Matsumura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have synthesized and characterized homogeneous solid-solution alloy nanoparticles of Pd and Rh, which are immiscible with each other in the equilibrium bulk state at around room temperature. The Pd-Rh alloy nanoparticles can absorb hydrogen at ambient pressure and the hydrogen pressure of Pd-Rh alloys for hydrogen storage is dramatically decreased by more than 4 orders of magnitude from the corresponding pressure in the metastable bulk state. The solid-solution state is still maintained in the nanoparticles even after hydrogen absorption/desorption, in contrast to the metastable bulks which are separated into Pd and Rh during the process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12390-12393
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume134
Issue number30
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Aug 1
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

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