Nanoscopic analysis of oxygen segregation at tilt boundaries in silicon ingots using atom probe tomography combined with TEM and ab initio calculations

Y. Ohno, K. Inoue, K. Fujiwara, K. Kutsukake, Momoko Deura, Ichiro Yonenaga, N. Ebisawa, Y. Shimizu, K. Inoue, Y. Nagai, H. Yoshida, S. Takeda, S. Tanaka, M. Kohyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have developed an analytical method to determine the segregation levels on the same tilt boundaries (TBs) at the same nanoscopic location by a joint use of atom probe tomography and scanning transmission electron microscopy, and discussed the mechanism of oxygen segregation at TBs in silicon ingots in terms of bond distortions around the TBs. The three-dimensional distribution of oxygen atoms was determined at the typical small- and large-angle TBs by atom probe tomography with a low impurity detection limit (0.01 at.% on a TB plane) simultaneously with high spatial resolution (about 0.4 nm). The three-dimensional distribution was correlated with the atomic stress around the TBs; the stress at large-angle TBs was estimated by ab initio calculations based on atomic resolution scanning transmission electron microscopy data and that at small-angle TBs were calculated with the elastic theory based on dark-field transmission electron microscopy data. Oxygen atoms would segregate at bond-centred sites under tensile stress above about 2 GPa, so as to attain a more stable bonding network by reducing the local stress. The number of oxygen atoms segregating in a unit TB area NGB (in atoms nm−2) was determined to be proportional to both the number of the atomic sites under tensile stress in a unit TB area nbc and the average concentration of oxygen atoms around the TB [Oi] (in at.%) with NGB ∼ 50 nbc[Oi].

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)230-238
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Microscopy
Volume268
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Dec

Keywords

  • Ab initio
  • HAADF-STEM
  • atom probe tomography
  • atomic hydrostatic stress
  • grain boundary
  • oxygen segregation
  • silicon

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Histology

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