The phase transition in the melting of Sn-Bi eutectic solder alloy particles was observed by in situ hard X-ray ptychographic coherent diffraction imaging with a pin-point heating system. Ptychographic diffraction patterns of micrometer-sized Sn-Bi particles were collected at temperatures from room temperature to 540 K. The projection images of each particle were reconstructed at a spatial resolution of 25 nm, showing differences in the phase shifts due to two crystal phases in the Sn-Bi alloy system and the Sn/Bi oxides at the surface. By quantitatively evaluating the Bi content, it became clear that the nonuniformity of the composition of Sn and Bi at the single-particle level exists when the particles are synthesized by centrifugal atomization.
- Eutectic solder
- In situ observation
- Ptychographic coherent diffraction imaging
- Sn-Bi alloy
ASJC Scopus subject areas