Nanoscale Stress Distribution in Silica-Nanoparticle-Filled Rubber as Observed by Transmission Electron Microscopy: Implications for Tire Application

Tomohiro Miyata, Tomohiko Nagao, Daisuke Watanabe, Akemi Kumagai, Keizo Akutagawa, Hiroshi Morita, Hiroshi Jinnai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Nanoparticle-filled rubber under tensile deformation was observed in situ by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and the spatial distributions of the local maximum and minimum principal strains (ϵmax and ϵmin) under tensile deformation were determined experimentally for the first time. The local ϵmax showed that deformation behavior depends heavily on the local structures and their spatial arrangements. Additionally, greatly deformed rubbery regions were found to appear along a network consisting of silica aggregates (silica-aggregate network). The distribution of the local ϵmin revealed the reorganization mechanisms of the internal hierarchical structures. The finite element method (FEM) was then applied to a series of TEM images under tensile deformation to simulate the structural changes, principal strains, and von Mises stress. The simulated morphology and ϵmax were in excellent agreement with the experimentally obtained morphology and strain. The distribution of the simulated von Mises stress, obtainable only from the FEM based on the experimental results, revealed that large stress propagates along the silica-aggregate network parallel to the tensile direction, suggesting that the silica-aggregate network may be primarily responsible for providing mechanical strength to the nanoparticle-filled rubber under deformation. Since the stress concentrates along the silica-aggregate networks, cavities appeared along these "stress pathways."The present study would pave the way to understanding the microscopic factors determining the macroscopic mechanical properties of rubber nanocomposites mainly used for automobile tires and seismic isolation rubber.

Original languageEnglish
JournalACS Applied Nano Materials
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • FEM simulation
  • nanoparticle-filled rubber
  • nanoscale observation
  • stress pathway
  • tensile deformation
  • tensile strain
  • transmission electron microscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Nanoscale Stress Distribution in Silica-Nanoparticle-Filled Rubber as Observed by Transmission Electron Microscopy: Implications for Tire Application'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this