Nanocrystallization of Fe73.5Si13.5B 9Nb3Cu1 soft-magnetic alloy from amorphous precursor in a magnetic field

Hiromichi Fujii, Victoria A. Yardley, Takashi Matsuzaki, Sadahiro Tsurekawa

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36 Citations (Scopus)


The effect of a magnetic field on the nature of nanocrystallization from a melt-spun Fe73.5Si13.5B9Nb3Cu 1 amorphous precursor has been studied with the aim of controlling microstructures and magnetic properties. Annealing for magnetic crystallization was carried out at temperatures between the Curie temperature of the amorphous phase (586 K) and that of the crystalline phase (920 K). It was found that the {110} texture component in crystallized α-Fe(Si) phase increased in importance with increasing magnetic-field strength. An X-ray diffraction analysis based on the Shultz method revealed that the magnetic field caused preferential formation of {110}-oriented nuclei. In addition, the applied field enhanced crystallization kinetics, particularly the nucleation rate. No significant difference in grain growth behavior was observed as a result of applying a magnetic field. We therefore conclude that the development of the {110} texture by magnetic crystallization is predominantly attributable to preferential nucleation, rather than preferential growth, of {110}-oriented nuclei. The saturation magnetization of nanocrystallized specimens, evaluated using a vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM), was increased by the application of a magnetic field up to 4T during nanocrystallization.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3837-3847
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Materials Science
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Jun
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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