Nanocrystalline tin compounds/graphene nanocomposite electrodes as anode for lithium-ion battery

Marappan Sathish, Satoshi Mitani, Takaaki Tomai, Atsushi Unemoto, Itaru Honma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nanocrystalline tin (Sn) compounds such as SnO 2, SnS 2, SnS, and graphene nanocomposites were prepared using hydrothermal method. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) pattern of the prepared nanocomposite reveals the presence of tetragonal SnO 2, hexagonal SnS 2, and orthorhombic SnS crystalline structure in the SnO 2/graphene nanosheets (GNS), SnS 2/GNS, and SnS/GNS nanocomposites, respectively. Raman spectroscopic studies of the nanocomposites confirm the existence of graphene in the nanocomposites. The transmission electron microscopy (TEM) images of the nanocomposites revealed the formation of homogeneous nanocrystalline SnO 2, SnS 2, and SnS particle. The weight ratio of graphene and Sn compound in the nanocomposite was estimated using thermogravimetric (TG) analysis. The cyclic voltammetry experiment shows the irreversible formation of Li 2O and Li 2S, and reversible lithium-ion (Li-ion) storage in Sn and GNS. The charge- discharge profile of the nanocomposite electrodes indicates the high capacity for the Li-ion storage, and the cycling study indicates the fast capacity fading due to the poor electrical conductivity of the nanocomposite electrodes. Hence, the ratio of Sn compounds (SnO 2) and GNS have been altered. Among the examined SnO 2:GNS nanocomposites ratios (35:65, 50:50, and 80:20), the nanocomposite 50:50wt% shows high Li-ion storage capacity (400 mAh/g after 25 cycles) and good cyclability. Thus, it is necessary to modify GNS and Sn compound composition in the nanocomposite to achieve good cyclability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1767-1774
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Solid State Electrochemistry
Volume16
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 May

Keywords

  • Energy storage
  • Graphene
  • Li-ion battery
  • Tin oxide
  • Tin sulfide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrochemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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