Nanoarchitectured Co-Cr-Mo orthopedic implant alloys: Nitrogen-enhanced nanostructural evolution and its effect on phase stability

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

72 Citations (Scopus)


Our previous studies indicate that nitrogen addition suppresses the athermal γ (face-centered cubic, fcc) → ε (hexagonal close-packed, hcp) martensitic transformation of biomedical Co-Cr-Mo alloys and ultimately offers large elongation to failure while maintaining high strength. In the present study, structural evolution and dislocation slip as an elementary process in the martensitic transformation in Co-Cr-Mo alloys were investigated to reveal the origin of their enhanced γ phase stability due to nitrogen addition. Alloy specimens with and without nitrogen addition were prepared. The N-doped alloys had a single-phase γ matrix, whereas the N-free alloys had a γ/ε duplex microstructure. Irrespective of the nitrogen content, dislocations frequently dissociated into Shockley partial dislocations with stacking faults. This indicates that nitrogen has little effect on the stability of the γ phase, which is also predicted by thermodynamic calculations. We discovered short-range ordering (SRO) or nanoscale Cr2N precipitates in the γ matrix of the N-containing alloy specimens, and it was revealed that both SRO and nanoprecipitates function as obstacles to the glide of partial dislocations and consequently significantly affect the kinetics of the γ → ε martensitic transformation. Since the formation of ε martensite plays a crucial role in plastic deformation and wear behavior, the developed nanostructural modification associated with nitrogen addition must be a promising strategy for highly durable orthopedic implants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6259-6267
Number of pages9
JournalActa Biomaterialia
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Apr


  • Biomedical Co-Cr-Mo alloys
  • Dislocations
  • Martensitic transformation
  • Nanoscale precipitation
  • Short-range ordering

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Biomaterials
  • Biochemistry
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Molecular Biology


Dive into the research topics of 'Nanoarchitectured Co-Cr-Mo orthopedic implant alloys: Nitrogen-enhanced nanostructural evolution and its effect on phase stability'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this