Nano-scale surface modification of a segmented polyurethane with a phospholipid polymer

Nobuyuki Morimoto, Akihiko Watanabe, Yasuhiko Iwasaki, Kazunari Akiyoshi, Kazuhiko Ishihara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

54 Citations (Scopus)


Nano-scale modification of a segmented polyurethane (SPU) with cross-linked 2-methacryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine (MPC) polymer was performed to obtain a biocompatible elastomer. To control the domain size and the depth of the modified layer, various compositions of monomers, including MPC, 2-ethylhexyl methacrylate (EHMA), and glycerol 1,3-diglycerolate diacrylate, were examined. SPU film was immersed in the monomer solution and visible light irradiation was applied to initiate polymerization to the SPU film that was held by mica to condense MPC units at the surface. The surfaces of the obtained film were analyzed by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and water contact angle measurement. The surface density of MPC units changed with the monomer concentration, and the density was the highest when the ratio between MPC and EHMA was 7:3. In modified SPU films, 6- to 25-nm MPC unit-enriched domains were observed and the density of these domains gradually decreased with depth. The sizes of the domains depended on the MPC composition in the monomer solution. The mechanical properties of the modified films as evaluated by tensile strength measurement under wet conditions were not significantly different from those of SPU. With increase in the existence of MPC unit-enriched domains on the MEG film surface, platelet adhesion and activation were remarkably reduced compared to the SPU film. This nano-scale surface modification may be a useful technique for applying elastic polymer biomaterials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5353-5361
Number of pages9
Issue number23
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Oct
Externally publishedYes


  • IPN (Interpenetrating polymer network)
  • Phospholipid polymer
  • Platelet adhesion
  • Polyurethane
  • Surface modification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Biophysics
  • Biomaterials
  • Mechanics of Materials


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