Mutual induction of noncollagenous bone proteins at the interface between epithelial cells and fibroblasts from human periodontal ligament

M. Shimonishi, J. Hatakeyama, Yasuyuki Sasano, Nobuhiro Takahashi, M. Komatsu, Masahiko Kikuchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and Objective: Epithelial-mesenchymal interactions are responsible for cell differentiation during periodontal regeneration. The present study was undertaken to examine the expression of alkaline phosphatase and noncollagenous bone proteins, such as osteopontin, osteocalcin and bone sialoprotein, with respect to interaction between the cells of the epithelial rests of Malassez and fibroblasts from human periodontal ligament. Material and Methods: Explants of human periodontal ligament tissues produced outgrowths containing both putative epithelial rests of Malassez cells and human periodontal ligament fibroblasts in a modified serum-free medium. Putative epithelial rests of Malassez cells cultured alone, and human periodontal ligament fibroblasts cultured alone, were used as controls. The expression levels of amelogenin were analyzed by in situ hybridization. The expression and distribution of alkaline phosphatase and noncollagenous bone proteins in both cell populations at the interface between putative epithelial rests of Malassez cells and human periodontal ligament fibroblasts were analyzed by immunohistochemistry, in situ hybridization and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. Results: Amelogenin mRNA was detected at high levels only in putative epithelial rests of Malassez cells at the interface. Alkaline phosphatase and bone sialoprotein mRNAs were detected significantly at the interface between putative epithelial rests of Malassez cells and human periodontal ligament fibroblast cells. In particular, bone sialoprotein and its mRNA were expressed significantly in human periodontal ligament fibroblasts at the interface between putative epithelial rests of Malassez cells and human periodontal ligament fibroblast cells. The expressions of osteopontin and its mRNA were not different between putative epithelial rests of malassez cells and human periodontal ligament fibroblasts at the interface. Osteocalcin and its mRNA were expressed strongly in putative epithelial rests of Malassez cells at the interface between putative epithelial rests of Malassez cells and human periodontal ligament fibroblasts. Conclusion: These findings indicate that the epithelial-mesenchymal interaction modulates the expression of alkaline phosphatase, osteocalcin and bone sialoprotein in putative epithelial rests of Malassez cells and human periodontal ligament fibroblasts, suggesting that epithelial-mesenchymal interactions play a role in the maintenance of periodontal ligament.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)64-75
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Periodontal Research
Volume43
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Feb 1

Keywords

  • Cultured epithelial rests of Malassez
  • In vitro model
  • Noncollagenous bone proteins
  • Periodontal maintenance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

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