To examine the role of His452 of the Saccharopolyspora rectivirgula β-galactosidase in the binding of a tightly bound, catalytically important Mn2+ (i.e., class II Mn2+) ion, His452 was replaced with Phe or Glu and the respective site-directed mutants, H452F and H452E, were characterized. Neither mutant contained Mn2+ in an Mn2+-free buffer and both were virtually inactive in the absence of Mn2+ (their relative activities being less than 0.03% that of the fully activated wild-type enzyme). When Mn2+ was added, however, the mutants were activated to 3% (for H452F) and 0.8% (for H452E) of the full activity of the wild type. The Mn2+ concentrations needed for half-maximal activation of H452F and H452E were, respectively, 15,000 and 5000 times higher than the reported dissociation constant (2 nM) of the class II Mn2+, suggesting that His452 plays a key role in the binding of this catalytically important Mn2+. Activation of the mutants by Mn2+, albeit very weak, contrasts with a lack of any such metal activation previously observed with the two corresponding mutants of Escherichia coli lacZ β-galactosidase.
- Metal ion requirements
- Saccharopolyspora rectivirgula
- Site-directed mutagenesis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology