Mutant SOD1 linked to familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, but not wild-type SOD1, induces ER stress in COS7 cells and transgenic mice

Shinsuke Tobisawa, Yasukazu Hozumi, Shigeki Arawaka, Shingo Koyama, Manabu Wada, Makiko Nagai, Masashi Aoki, Yasuto Itoyama, Kaoru Goto, Takeo Kato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

107 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Mutations in a Cu, Zn-superoxide dismutase (SOD1) cause motor neuron death in human familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (FALS) and its mouse model, suggesting that mutant SOD1 has a toxic effect on motor neurons. However, the question of how the toxic function is gained has not been answered. Here, we report that the mutant SOD1s linked to FALS, but not wild-type SOD1, aggregated in association with the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and induced ER stress in the cDNA-transfected COS7 cells. These cells showed an aberrant intracellular localization of mitochondria and microtubules, which might lead to a functional disturbance of the cells. Motor neurons of the spinal cord in transgenic mice with a FALS-linked mutant SOD1 also showed a marked increase of GRP78/BiP, an ER-resident chaperone, just before the onset of motor symptoms. These data suggest that ER stress is involved in the pathogenesis of FALS with an SOD1 mutation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)496-503
Number of pages8
JournalBiochemical and biophysical research communications
Volume303
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Apr 4

Keywords

  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
  • Endoplasmic reticulum
  • Superoxide dismutase 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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