Muscle flap mass preservation by sensory reinnervation with end-to-side neurorrhaphy: An experimental study in rats

Sumiko Yoshitatsu, Ken Matsuda, Kenji Yano, Ko Hosokawa, Koichi Tomita

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    14 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The purpose of this study was to determine whether sensory reinnervation with end-to-side neurorrhaphy preserves muscle mass in pedicled muscle flaps. A new muscle flap model innervated by the common peroneal nerve (CPN) was tested in rats. Animals were divided into group 1 (CPN transected without repair), group 2 (CPN transected and immediately repaired by end-to-end neurorrhaphy), and groups 3A and 3B (CPN transected and repaired with the sural nerve, by end-to-end and end-to-side neurorrhaphy, respectively). We evaluated the muscle-preserving effect by measuring muscle weight and performed histological and morphometric analyses 3 months after the procedure. Sensory reinnervation significantly preserved the muscle mass, although less than motor reinnervation. There was no significant difference between the end-to-end and end-to-side procedures. Results of morphometric analysis in each group paralleled those of mean muscle weight. Sensory reinnervation with end-to-side neurorrhaphy appears to be useful in the preservation of muscle flap mass.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)479-487
    Number of pages9
    JournalJournal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
    Volume24
    Issue number7
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2008 Oct

    Keywords

    • End-to-side neurorrhaphy
    • Minimizing muscle flap atrophy
    • Sensory reinnervation

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Surgery

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