Multiwavelength properties of the X-ray sources in the groth-westphal strip field

Takamitsu Miyaji, Vicki Sarajedini, Richard E. Griffiths, Toru Yamada, Matthew Schurch, David Cristóbal-Hornillos, Kentaro Motohara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


We summarize the multiwavelength properties of X-ray sources detected in the 80 ks XMM-Newton observation of the Groth-Westphal strip, a contiguous strip of 28 Hubble Space Telescope Wide Field Planetary Camera 2 (WFPC2) images. Among the ≈150 X-ray sources detected in the XMM-Newton field of view, 23 are within the WFPC2 fields. Ten spectroscopic redshifts are available from the Deep Extragalactic Evolutionary Probe and Canada-France Redshift Survey projects. Four of these show broad Mg II emission and can be classified as type 1 active galactic nuclei (AGNs). Two of those without any broad lines, nevertheless, have [Ne v] emission, which is an unambiguous signature of AGN activity. One is a narrow-line Seyfert 1 and the other a type 2 AGN. As a follow-up, we have made near-infrared spectroscopic observations using the OHS/CISCO spectrometer for five of the X-ray sources for which we found no indication of AGN activity in the optical spectrum. We have detected Hα + [N II] emission in four of them. A broad Hα component and/or a large [N II]/Hα ratio is seen, suggestive of AGN activity. Nineteen sources have been detected in the K s band, and four of these are extremely red objects (EROs) (I 814-K s > 4). The optical counterparts for the majority of the X-ray sources are bulge-dominated. The I 814-K s color of these bulge-dominated hosts are indeed consistent with evolving elliptical galaxies, while contaminations from star formation/AGNs seems to be present in their V 606-I 814 color. Assuming that the known local relations among the bulge luminosity, central velocity dispersion, and the mass of the central blackhole still hold at z ∼ 1, we compare the AGN luminosity with the Eddington luminosity of the central blackhole mass. The AGN bolometric luminosity to Eddington luminosity ratio ranges from 0.3% to 10%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3180-3191
Number of pages12
JournalAstronomical Journal
Issue number6 1782
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Jun


  • Galaxies: Seyfert
  • Galaxies: bulges
  • Quasars: general
  • X-rays: galaxies
  • X-rays: general

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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