Multispectroscopic study of single Xe clusters using XFEL pulses

Toshiyuki Nishiyama, Christoph Bostedt, Ken R. Ferguson, Christopher Hutchison, Kiyonobu Nagaya, Hironobu Fukuzawa, Koji Motomura, Shin Ichi Wada, Tsukasa Sakai, Kenji Matsunami, Kazuhiro Matsuda, Tetsuya Tachibana, Yuta Ito, Weiqing Xu, Subhendu Mondal, Takayuki Umemoto, Catalin Miron, Christophe Nicolas, Takashi Kameshima, Yasumasa JotiKensuke Tono, Takaki Hatsui, Makina Yabashi, Kiyoshi Ueda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


X-ray free-electron lasers (XFELs) deliver ultrashort coherent laser pulses in the X-ray spectral regime, enabling novel investigations into the structure of individual nanoscale samples. In this work, we demonstrate how single-shot small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) measurements combined with fluorescence and ion time-of-flight (TOF) spectroscopy can be used to obtain size-and structure-selective evaluation of the light-matter interaction processes on the nanoscale. We recorded the SAXS images of single xenon clusters using XFEL pulses provided by the SPring-8 Angstrom compact free-electron laser (SACLA). The XFEL fluences and the radii of the clusters at the reaction point were evaluated and the ion TOF spectra and fluorescence spectra were sorted accordingly. We found that the XFEL fluence and cluster size extracted from the diffraction patterns showed a clear correlation with the fluorescence and ion TOF spectra. Our results demonstrate the effectiveness of the multispectroscopic approach for exploring laser-matter interaction in the X-ray regime without the influence of the size distribution of samples and the fluence distribution of the incident XFEL pulses.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4932
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Issue number22
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Nov 1


  • Diffractive imaging
  • Fluorescence spectroscopy
  • Ion spectroscopy
  • XFEL

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Instrumentation
  • Engineering(all)
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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