Multiple types of guanine nucleotide exchange factors (GEFS) for rab small GTpases

Morié Ishida, Mai E. Oguchi, Mitsunori Fukuda

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

    43 Citations (Scopus)


    Rab small GTPases are highly conserved master regulators of membrane traffic in all eukaryotes. The same as the activation and inactivation of other small GTPases, the activation and inactivation of Rabs are tightly controlled by specific GEFs (guanine nucleotide exchange factors) and GAPs (GTPase-activating proteins), respectively. Although almost all Rab-GAPs reported thus far have a TBC (Tre-2/Bub2/Cdc16)/Rab- GAP domain in common, recent accumulating evidence has indicated the existence of a number of structurally unrelated types of Rab-GEFs, including DENN proteins, VPS9 proteins, Sec2 proteins, TRAPP complexes, heterodimer GEFs (Mon1–Ccz1, HPS1–HPS4 (BLOC-3 complex), Ric1–Rgp1 and Rab3GAP1/2), and other GEFs (e.g., REI-1 and RPGR). In this review article we provide an up-to-date overview of the structures and functions of all putative Rab-GEFs in mammals, with a special focus on their substrate Rabs, interacting proteins, associations with genetic diseases, and intracellular localizations.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)61-79
    Number of pages19
    JournalCell structure and function
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 2016


    • Autophagy
    • Guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF)
    • Longin domain
    • Rab cascade
    • Rab small GTPase

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Physiology
    • Molecular Biology
    • Cell Biology


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