Multiple ribonuclease A family members cleave transfer RNAs in response to stress

Yasutoshi Akiyama, Shawn Lyons, Marta M. Fay, Takaaki Abe, Paul Anderson, Pavel Ivanov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


During stress, changes in gene expression are critical for cell survival. Stress-induced tRNA cleavage has been implicated in various cellular processes, where tRNA fragments play diverse regulatory roles. Angiogenin (ANG), a member of the RNase A superfamily, induces cleavage of tRNAs resulting in the formation of tRNA-derived stress-induced RNAs (tiRNAs) that contribute to translational reprogramming aiming at cell survival. The role of other stress-induced RNases in tRNA cleavage is poorly understood. Using gene editing and biochemical approaches, we show that other members of the RNase A family are capable of targeting tRNAs in stress-responsive manner. We show that in the absence of ANG, these RNases also promote the production of tiRNAs. Moreover, specific stresses (such as treatment with sodium arsenite) activate cleavage of universal 3'-CCA termini of tRNAs in ANG-independent fashion in living cells. We conclude that multiple RNase A family members are capable of targeting tRNAs in a stress-specific manner in vivo.

Original languageEnglish
JournalUnknown Journal
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Oct 21

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)

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