Multievent Study of Characteristics and Propagation of Naturally Occurring ELF/VLF Waves Using High-Latitude Ground Observations and Conjunctions With the Arase Satellite

C. Martinez-Calderon, Y. Katoh, J. Manninen, O. Santolik, Y. Kasahara, S. Matsuda, A. Kumamoto, F. Tsuchiya, A. Matsuoka, M. Shoji, M. Teramoto, I. Shinohara, K. Shiokawa, Y. Miyoshi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We report the properties of the ionospheric exit point and characteristics of several types of very low frequency waves, including chorus and quasiperiodic emissions, based on a comprehensive dataset of simultaneous observations between ground and space. Whistler-mode waves were observed at Kannuslehto (L = 5.5, KAN), Finland, and in the inner magnetosphere by the Japanese Arase satellite. During the 2017–2018 winter campaign, we found 13 cases showing one-to-one correspondence of wave spectra between KAN and Arase. This is the first time that such a large number of conjugated events have been reported at once. The duration of the events ranged from a few minutes up to 3 h, with 90% of events detected in the afternoon sector. While the occurrence rate is higher during daytime, this can also be related to a majority of the detected waves being quasiperiodic emissions, a known dayside phenomenon. Arase was usually located within 30° of the equator, at L ∼4–5, and detected mostly waves propagating at oblique angles (≥20°). Frequently, the ionospheric magnetic footprint of Arase was located equatorwards (south) from KAN, often in the same geographical area. We investigated the probable location of the ionospheric exit point of the waves from the location of the footprint of Arase and the angle of arrival of waves detected at KAN. Using density measurements at Arase we discuss magnetospheric wave propagation; we find that, in most cases, waves were unducted in their propagation from the satellite to the ground.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere2020JA028682
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
Volume126
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Feb

Keywords

  • Arase
  • ERG
  • VLF
  • conjugated event
  • ionospheric exit point
  • whistler-mode waves

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Geophysics

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