Multidimensional thermodynamic uncertainty relations

Andreas Dechant

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

62 Citations (Scopus)


We extend a class of recently derived thermodynamic uncertainty relations to vector-valued observables. In contrast to the scalar-valued observables examined previously, this multidimensional thermodynamic uncertainty relation provides a natural way to study currents in high-dimensional systems and to obtain relations between different observables. Our proof is based on the generalized Crámer-Rao inequality, which we interpret as a relation between physical observables and the Fisher information. This allows us to develop high-dimensional versions of both the original, steady state uncertainty relation and the more recently obtained generalized uncertainty relation for time-periodic systems. We apply the multidimensional uncertainty relation to obtain a new constraint on the performance of steady-state heat engines, which is tighter than previous bounds and reveals the role of heat-work correlations. As a second application, we show that the uncertainty relation is connected to a bound on the differential mobility. As a result of this connection, we find that a necessary condition for equality in the uncertainty relation is that the system obeys the equilibrium fluctuation-dissipation relation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number035001
JournalJournal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2019


  • current fluctuations
  • entropy production
  • heat engines
  • information geometry
  • mobility

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Statistics and Probability
  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Mathematical Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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