Multicenter prospective study of stereotactic body radiotherapy for previously untreated solitary primary hepatocellular carcinoma: The STRSPH study

Tomoki Kimura, Atsuya Takeda, Naoko Sanuki, Keisuke Ariyoshi, Takuhiro Yamaguchi, Toshiyuki Imagumbai, Norio Katoh, Takahisa Eriguchi, Yohei Oku, Shuichi Ozawa, Yuichiro Tsurugai, Masaki Kokubo, Shinichi Shimizu, Satoshi Ishikura

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Aim: To prospectively evaluate the efficacy and safety of stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) for patients with previously untreated solitary primary hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Methods: The main eligibility criteria included the following: (1) primary solitary HCC; (2) no prior treatment for HCC; (3) Child–Turcotte–Pugh score of seven or less; and (4) unsuitability for or refusal of surgery and radiofrequency ablation (RFA). The prescribed dose of SBRT was 40 Gy in five fractions. The primary endpoint was 3-year overall survival (OS); the secondary endpoints included local progression-free survival (LPFS), local control (LC), and adverse events. The accrual target was 60 patients, expecting a 3-year OS of 70% with a 50% threshold. Results: Between 2014 and 2018, 36 patients were enrolled; enrollment was closed early because of slow accrual. The median tumor size was 2.3 cm. The median follow-up at the time of evaluation was 20.8 months. The 3-year OS was 78% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 53%–90%). The 3-year LPFS and LC proportion were 73% (95% CI: 48%–87%) and 90% (95% CI: 65%–97%), respectively. Grade 3 or higher SBRT-related toxicities were observed in four patients (11%), and grade five toxicities were not observed. Conclusions: This study showed acceptably low incidence of SBRT-related toxicities. LC and OS after SBRT were comparable for previously untreated solitary HCC for patients unfit for resection and RFA. Although a definitive conclusion cannot be drawn by this study, the promising results indicate that SBRT may be an alternative option in the management of early HCC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)461-471
Number of pages11
JournalHepatology Research
Volume51
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Apr
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • clinical trial phase II
  • hepatocellular carcinoma
  • multicenter study
  • stereotactic body radiotherapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Infectious Diseases

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