Tight junctions (TJs) are an important component of the blood-brain barrier, and claudin-1, -3, -5 and -12 have been reported to be localized at the TJs of brain capillary endothelial cells (BCECs). To understand the contribution of each claudin subtype to TJ formation, we have measured the mRNA expression levels of claudin subtypes (claudin-1 to -23) and other relevant proteins in highly purified mouse BCECs. Mouse BCECs were labeled with anti-platelet endothelial cellular adhesion molecule-1 antibody and 2.3 × 106 cells were isolated from 15 mice by magnetic cell sorting. Expression of Tie-2, Mdr1a and GLUT1 mRNAs was concentrated in the isolated fraction, and contamination with neurons and astrocytes was substantially less than in the brain capillary fraction prepared by the standard glass-beads column method. Expression of occludin, junctional adhesion molecule and endothelial-specific adhesion molecule mRNAs was concentrated in the isolated fraction, suggesting that the corresponding proteins are selectively expressed in mouse BCECs. Among claudin subtypes, claudin-5 was most highly expressed, at a level which was at least 593-fold greater that that of claudin-1, -3 or -12. Expression of mRNAs of claudin-8, -10, -15, -17, -19, -20, -22 or -23 was also concentrated in the isolated fraction, suggesting these subtypes are expressed in mouse BCECs. The levels of claudin-10 and -22 mRNAs were comparable with that of occludin mRNA. These results indicate that claudin-5 is the most abundant claudin subtype in mouse BCECs, and are consistent with the idea that claudin-10 and -22 are involved in TJ formation at the blood-brain barrier in cooperation with claudin-5.
- Blood-brain barrier
- Brain capillary endothelial cells
- Magnetic cell sorting
- Tight junction
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience