The densification of base station (BS) deployments is driving the evolution of network structures towards heterogeneous ultra-dense networks (UDN), making coordinated multipoint (CoMP) a viable and promising transmission solution. However, the BS cooperation regions formed by applying CoMP in the UDN are small and irregular, which causes frequent handover for mobile users. Different from most existing work that focus on the trigger time of handover, we explore how to choose the appropriate BS cooperation set to reduce handover rate. In this paper, we consider movement aware CoMP handover (MACH). By estimating cell dwell time, a user would be intelligently assigned to macro cell or small cell according to its movement trend. To enhance reliability, we further proposed improved MACH (iMACH) to achieve a trade-off between BSs with long dwell time and the current best performed BS for multipoint cooperation while user moving. Using stochastic geometry method, expressions of coverage probability, handover probability and throughput that characterize performance of the proposed schemes are derived. The numerical results indicate that the theoretical analyses fit the simulation results well and the proposed schemes surpass the existing schemes in terms of the aforementioned metrics, and more intelligent and suitable for ultra-dense scenarios.
- Ultra-dense networks
- coordinated multipoint
- stochastic geometry
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering