Mouse Model of Hydroquinone Hypersensitivity via Innate and Acquired Immunity and its Promotion by Combined Reagents

Kanan Bando, Yukinori Tanaka, Toshinobu Kuroishi, Keiichi Sasaki, Teruko Yamamoto, Shunji Sugawara, Yasuo Endo

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3 Citations (Scopus)


We established a mouse model of contact hypersensitivity (CHS) to hydroquinone (HQ), a widespread chemical in our environment. HQ was painted onto flanks; then, HQ was challenged by painting onto ear pinnas on days 7 and 14. The CHS after the second challenge was markedly greater than that after the first challenge. Both challenges increased thymic stromal lymphopoietin and T helper type 2 cytokines in ear pinnas, whereas IFN-γ (typical T helper type 1 cytokine) was decreased, despite an increase in IL-18 (typical IFN-γ inducer). In nude mice (T cell-reduced), although a first challenge induced CHS, a second challenge did not augment it. In severe combined immunodeficient, severe combined immunodeficient-beige, and IL-1–deficient mice, CHS was not induced. However, CHS was inducible in severe combined immunodeficient-beige mice after transfer of natural killer cells from HQ-sensitized normal mice. Tretinoin (used for enhancing the skin-whitening effect of HQ) and resin monomers (used to prevent polymerization of HQ) lowered the HQ concentration needed to establish sensitization to HQ. The augmented CHS after a second challenge was reduced by JNJ7777120, dexamethasone, suplatast tosilate (T helper type 2-cytokine inhibitor), and anti-thymic stromal lymphopoietin antibody. These results suggest that (i) thymic stromal lymphopoietin, IL-1, and T and/or natural killer cells are important in establishing and augmenting CHS to HQ and (ii) inflammatory chemicals may promote CHS to HQ as adjuvants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1082-1093
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Investigative Dermatology
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2017 May

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Dermatology
  • Cell Biology


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