Morphology change and carburization characteristic of iron ore-coal composite during reduction under a simulated condition of blast furnace

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Ironmaking process by Blast Furnace (BF) method contributes about 70% of CO2 emission and energy consumption in steel works. To aim at the sustainable development and environmental protection, decreasing CO2 emission and energy consumption is always an indispensable task. Using iron ore-coal composite as the raw material of BF is a promising way to mitigate the above issue. In this study, we conducted an experiment procedure which is to simulate the reduction of an iron ore-coal composite travelling from the top zone to the cohesive zone of BF. Reduction behavior, morphology changes and carburization characteristic of the composites with the variables of C/O (Carbon to Oxygen) ratio were investigated. As C/O ratio was increased from 0 to 0.6, the reduction rate of composite was accordingly enhanced. It was found that the composite is swelling severely when C/O ratio was lower than 0.4. The swelling occurred in the temperature range from 800°C to 1 100°C which was just under the stage of reduction from wustite to iron. The composite is shattering obviously starting from 1 160°C when C/O ratio was higher than 0.4. It is because the remained free carbon is surplus in reduced iron, causing shattering and powdering. Hence, C/O = 0.4 was suggested to the composite for being charged into BF.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1982-1990
Number of pages9
JournalIsij International
Volume59
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 1

Keywords

  • Blast furnace
  • Carbothermic reduction
  • Carburization
  • Iron ore-coal composite
  • Ironmaking
  • Low carbon emission
  • Melting of iron
  • Reduction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

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