Morphologies of Bacillus subtilis communities responding to environmental variation

Sohei Tasaki, Madoka Nakayama, Wataru Shoji

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


Bacterial communities exhibit a variety of growth morphologies in constructing robust systems under different environmental conditions. We review the diverse morphologies of Bacillus subtilis communities and their mechanisms of self-organization. B. subtilis uses different cell types to suit environmental conditions and cell density. The subpopulation of each cell type exhibits various environment-sensitive properties. Furthermore, division of labor among the subpopulations results in flexible development for the community as a whole. We review how B. subtilis community morphologies and growth strategies respond to environmental perturbations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)369-378
Number of pages10
JournalDevelopment Growth and Differentiation
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jun


  • Bacillus subtilis
  • biofilm
  • self-organization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental Biology
  • Cell Biology


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