Statement of problem: The relationship between the buccal mucosa-tongue side wall contact points and at what ratio the submucosal tissue (ST) and buccinator muscle (BUC) change during function are unclear. Purpose: The purpose of this clinical study was to clarify the space and dynamics of the ST and BUC in complete denture wearers by using magnetic resonance imaging and to investigate how denture base shape affects space sealing and the relationship between the ST and BUC. Material and methods: Eight edentulous participants wearing maxillary and mandibular complete dentures were enrolled. Wax was added to the buccal border of the dentures, and axial and coronal magnetic resonance imaging scans were made during mandibular rest (MR) to observe the relationship of the buccal mucosa and tongue above the retromolar pads. In addition, on axial images, the thicknesses of the ST and BUC were measured at 3 sites: second molar center, second molar distal (SMD), and retromolar pad center (RPC). Coronal images were made during MR, partial mouth opening, and midmouth opening (MMo). At second molar center, SMD, and RPC, the thicknesses of the ST and BUC were measured at the maxillary buccinator attachment region (point A), the mandibular buccinator attachment region (point B), and the median point between A and B (point M). Results: During MR, contact sealing of the buccal mucosa and tongue on the RPC was noted in 81% of participants. After expanding the denture base with wax, contact was lost in 86% of participants. The ST and BUC thicknesses on the RPC decreased significantly with the addition of wax. During MR, the ST became significantly thicker the further posteriorly it was located. The ST was significantly thicker at point M than at point A for all sections, regardless of mouth opening. The ST and BUC thicknesses in SMD and RPC were significantly thicker at point M than at point B during MR and MMo. The differences of the ST and BUC thicknesses depending on the opening amount were observed only at the point M. In the RPC, the thickness of the ST and BUC decreased significantly as the opening amount increased (ST thickness between MR and partial mouth opening, MR, and MMo: P=.007, P=.001, BUC: P=.018, P=.001, respectively) Conclusions: The thickness of the ST and BUC differed depending on the site. During mouth opening, these changes in thickness at each site are proportional to the differences in ST and BUC thickness.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Oral Surgery