Morphological evolution of Ag nanoclusters grown on hydrogen-terminated si(111)-(1 × 1) surface: Appearance of quantum size effect at room-temperature

Ryutaro Nagata, Toyoaki Eguchi, Jungmin Kang, Kenya Haga, Erina Kawamoto, Shozo Suto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We have observed the early stages of Ag nanocluster evolution on a hydrogen-terminated Si(111)-(1 × 1) surface at room temperature (RT) by using scanning tunneling microscopy and low energy electron diffraction, and examined changes in number density, height, base diameter, volume and shapes of the nanocluster with a deposition amount from 0.2 to 8 ML. It is found that Ag nanoclusters evolve by repeating the stages of nucleation/growth and coalescence, and change the growth morphology and the growth mode after the coalescence. Transition from initially formed dome-like three dimensional clusters to flat-top two dimensional (2D) islands evidently shows that quantum size effect emerges during the growth process of Ag nanoclusters even at RT. The characteristic stability of 8 atomic layer height in the 2D islands is well interpreted based on a free-electron gas model for free-standing nanofilms.

Original languageEnglish
Article number121483
JournalSurface Science
Volume690
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Dec

Keywords

  • Growth mode
  • H-terminated Si(111)
  • Nanocluster
  • Quantum size effect
  • Scanning tunneling microscopy
  • Silver

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry

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