A patient with acute myeloid leukemia (AML)-M2 with t(8;21)(q22;q22) achieved complete remission with remission-induction chemotherapy followed by consolidation and intensification chemotherapies. T(8;21)(q22;q22) disappeared, but chimeric AML1/MTG8 was continuously detected in bone marrow cells. Following the development of therapy-related leukemia after 1 year, evolution of therapy-related AML-M4 with t(11;17)(q23;q25) and the rearrangement of the MLL gene were observed, while AML/MTG8 disappeared. After reinduction and following intermittent chemotherapies, a subsequent alternative transformation to AML-M2 occurred after detection of t(3;21)(q21;q22), with a break in the AML1 gene shown by interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis. This leukemia transformed to AML-M4 after t(9;22)(q34;q11), with a minor BCR/ABL rearrangement, and then finally to AML-M2. This therapy-related leukemia was resistant to chemotherapy. These findings indicate that alterations in cytogenetic and molecular events caused by chemotherapeutic agents contribute to the sequential evolution of new leukemic clones with different morphology.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||International journal of hematology|
|Publication status||Published - 2000 Jun|
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