Morbidity of laparoscopic radical prostatectomy: Summary of early multi-institutional experience in Japan

Yoichi Arai, Shin Egawa, Toshiro Terachi, Kazuo Suzuki, Momokazu Gotoh, Mutsushi Kawakita, Masatoshi Tanaka, Naoki Terada, Shiro Baba, Kazuhiro Okumura, Shinsuke Hayami, Yoshinari Ono, Tadashi Matsuda, Seiji Naito

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aim: Laparoscopic radical prostatectomy is being evaluated throughout the world. The aim of the present study is to report early multi-institutional experience of the procedure in Japan. Methods: A total of 148 men who were diagnosed with clinically localized prostate cancer underwent laparoscopic radical prostatectomy at seven different institutions in Japan. Early complications (within 30 days postoperatively) and postoperative convalescence were reviewed retrospectively. The median age of patients was 68.0 years (range, 51-80). Results: The median operative time was 403 minutes (range, 167-925; average, 427). Blood loss ranged from 50 to 5000 mL (median, 540; average, 856). A total of 66 complications were reported in 55 patients (37.2%). Intraoperative complications were noted in 25 of 148 patients (16.9%): 10 rectal injuries (6.8%); five bladder injuries (3.4%); five cases of subcutaneous emphysema (3.4%); two intestinal injuries (1.4%); one major vessel injury (0.7%); one ureteral injury (0.7%); and one obturator nerve injury (0.7%). Overall, 16 of 148 patients (10.8%) required open conversion or postoperative open surgical repair. The most common postoperative complications were anastomotic leakage (6.8%), wound-related complications (4.7%) and perineal pain (4.7%). The bladder catheter was removed on day 7 or earlier in 73 cases (49.3%). The median time to ambulation was 1 day (mean 1.4, range 1-5). Oral intake was started on postoperative day 1 in 67 patients (45.2%) and on postoperative day 2 in 65 (43.9%). Conclusion: Although laparoscopic radical prostatectomy is technically demanding, reduced blood loss and shorter convalescence periods can be expected from the procedure. Surgeons should be aware of the disturbingly high morbidity rate related to early experience. By mastering laparoscopic skills and sharing knowledge, surgeons could reduce the impact of the learning curve required to complete this procedure competently.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)430-434
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Urology
Volume10
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Aug 1

Keywords

  • Laparoscopic radical prostatectomy
  • Laparoscopy
  • Morbidity
  • Prostate cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Morbidity of laparoscopic radical prostatectomy: Summary of early multi-institutional experience in Japan'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Arai, Y., Egawa, S., Terachi, T., Suzuki, K., Gotoh, M., Kawakita, M., Tanaka, M., Terada, N., Baba, S., Okumura, K., Hayami, S., Ono, Y., Matsuda, T., & Naito, S. (2003). Morbidity of laparoscopic radical prostatectomy: Summary of early multi-institutional experience in Japan. International Journal of Urology, 10(8), 430-434. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1442-2042.2003.00658.x