Monoallelic expression of the insulin-like growth factor-2 gene in ovarian cancer

Kankatsu Yun, Manabu Fukumoto, Yoshihiro Jinno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Genomic imprinting is defined as a gamete-specific modification causing differential expression of the two alleles of a gene in somatic cells and is becoming increasingly recognized as playing an important role in a number of human diseases including cancer. We have reported that the loss of the insulin-like growth factor-2 (IGF2) gene imprinting results in the deregulation of both IGF2 alleles, which may contribute to the onset of Wilms tumor. It is important to see whether such abnormal genomic imprinting is implicated in the etiology of common adulthood cancers. In the present study we have examined the expression level and imprinting status of the IGF2 gene in human ovaries and ovarian cancers. We confirm that IGF2 is significantly expressed in ovaries and ovarian cancers. In normal ovaries, both surface epithelium and the ovary proper demonstrate monoallelic IGF2 expression. Among 27 tumors, all 11 heterozygous for the IGF2 locus show monoallelic IGF2 expression (2 of them are proven to be from the paternal allele). The data suggest that the increased IGF2 gene expression in ovarian cancer may be achieved by a mechanism other than loss of imprinting.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1081-1087
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Pathology
Volume148
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1996 Apr
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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