Though the local dielectric constant at interfaces is an important phenomenological parameter in the analysis of surface spectroscopy, its microscopic definition has been uncertain. Here, we present a full molecular theory on the local field at interfaces with the help of molecular dynamics simulation, and thereby provide microscopic basis for the local dielectric constant so as to be consistent to the phenomenological three-layer model of interface systems. To demonstrate its performance, we applied the theory to the water/vapor interface, and obtained the local field properties near the interface where the simple dielectric model breaks down. Some computational issues pertinent to Ewald calculations of the dielectric properties are also discussed.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry