The equilibrium molecular structure of the octatetranyl anion, C 8H-, which has been recently detected in two astronomical environments, is investigated with the aid of both ab initio post-Hartree-Fock and density functional theory (DFT) calculations. The model chemistry adopted in this study was selected after a series of benchmark calculations performed on molecular acetylene for which accurate gas-phase structural data are available. Geometry optimizations performed at the CCSD/6-311+G(2d,p), QCISD/6-311+G(2d,p), and MP4(SDQ)/6-311+G(2d,p) levels of theory yield for C8H - an interesting polyyne-type structure that defies the chemical formula displaying a simple alternation of triple and single carbon-carbon bonds, [:C≡C-C≡C-C≡C-C≡CH]1-. In the optimized geometry of C8H-, as one proceeds from the naked carbon atom on one side of the chain to the CH unit on the opposite side of the chain, the short (formally triple) carbon-carbon bonds decrease in length from 1.255 to 1.213 Å whereas the long (formally single) carbon-carbon bonds increase (albeit only slightly) in length from 1.362 to 1.378 Å(CCSD results). In striking contrast, both MP2 and DFT (B3LYP and PBEO) calculations fail in reproducing the pattern of the carbon-carbon bond lengths obtained with the CCSD, QCISD, and MP4 methods. The structures of three shorter n-even chains, CnH- (n = 2, 4, and 6), along with those of four n-odd compounds (n = 3, 5, 7, and 9) are also investigated at the CCSD/6-311+G(2d,p) level of theory.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry