DNA sequences of 103 spontaneous mutants and 102 X-ray-induced mutants of the lacZ transgene from spleen, liver, and brain of the Muta(TM)Mouse were examined and compared to elucidate characteristics of radiation-induced mutations in vivo. The radiation-induced mutants were isolated from genomic DNA of each tissue collected at 3.5 days after 200 Gy of whole body irradiation. Base substitution was predominant (80% or more) in nonirradiated tissues, while deletion was prevalent (about 55%) in irradiated tissues. The other types of mutation appeared at similar frequencies in both control and irradiated tissues. The size of the deletions was smaller than 438 nucleotides, with a predominance of one basepair deletions in both control and irradiated tissues. A close look at the nucleotides at the deletion endpoints revealed that many of the radiation-induced deletions did not have repeated sequences at the break point termini, whereas all deletions found in unirradiated tissues showed one or more bases of repeated sequences at the termini. Further, eight complex-type deletion mutations were found only in irradiated tissues. Comparison among the three types irradiated tissue did not reveal any tissue-specificity. The data indicate that the molecular nature of mutations induced in tissues with ionizing radiation is different from that of spontaneous mutations.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis|
|Publication status||Published - 1999|
- DNA sequence
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis