Molecular imaging at Tohoku University: From cancer to neuroreceptors

Manabu Tashiro, Hiroshi Fukuda, Masatoshi Itoh, Taiju Matsuzawa, Kazuhiko Yanai

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Tohoku University has nearly a 30-year-long history of basic and clinical researgh in molecular imaging using radiopharmaceuticals. This article briefly overviews the various achievements of Tohoku University in the fields of oncology and neuroscience. It is noteworthy that most of the early data regarding oncology diagnosis using positron emission tomography (PET) were produced at the Cyclotron and Radioisotope Center of the university. Also, the center has various academic contributions to the filed of neuroscience. One of its major contributions is molecular imaging of bistamine H1 receptors, and recent achievements in this topic are summarized in this paper. The histaminergic neuronal system is associated with various functions such as wakefulness, the sleep-wake cycle, appetite control, learning, memory and emotion. Using [11C]doxepin and PET, various studies have been conducted regarding physiological changes such as aging and pathological, changes such as Alzheimer's disease, depression, and schjzophrenia. In addition, histamine H1 receptor antagonists (antihistamines) are frequently used for the treatment of allergic disorders. These compounds can induce sedative side effects, that can cause serious traffic accidents. Objective measurement of the sedative property of antihistamines was started in the early 1980s and was established at Tohoku University us H1 receptor occupancy as an index. In the future, PET will unddubtedly be used more frequently in drug development.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8-13
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent Medical Imaging Reviews
Volume4
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Feb 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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