Molecular dynamics simulation has been performed on a liquid film that is sheared in between solid surfaces. As a shear is given to the liquid film, a Couette-like flow is generated in the liquid and energy conversion occurs from the macroscopic flow to the thermal energy, which is discharged back to the solid walls. In such a way, momentum and thermal energy fluxes are present simultaneously. And all these thermal and fluid phenomena take place in highly nonequilibrium state where thermal energy is not distributed equally to each degree of freedom of molecular motion in the vicinities of the solid-liquid interface. In the present paper, platinum and water are employed as solid and liquid, respectively. First, the structure and orientation of water molecules in the vicinities of the solid surfaces are analyzed and how these structure and orientation are influenced by the shear is considered. Based on this result, momentum and thermal energy transfer in the vicinities of and at the solid-liquid interfaces are investigated in detail. Results are compared with those of our previous study, in which monatomic and diatomic molecules are employed as liquid.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry