A molecular dynamics study has been performed on a liquid film sheared between moving solid walls. Thermal phenomena that occur in the Couette-like flow were examined, including energy conversion from macroscopic flow energy to thermal energy, i.e., viscous heating in the macroscopic sense, and heat conduction from the liquid film to the solid wall via liquid-solid interfaces. Four types of crystal planes of fcc lattice were assumed for the surface of the solid wall. The jumps in velocity and temperature at the interface resulting from deteriorated transfer characteristics of thermal energy and momentum at the interface were observed. It was found that the transfer characteristics of thermal energy and momentum at the interfaces are greatly influenced by the types of crystal plane of the solid wall surface which contacts the liquid film. The mechanism by which such a molecular scale structure influences the energy transfer at the interface was examined by analyzing the molecular motion and its contribution to energy transfer at the solid-liquid interface.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry