We elucidated the phase-sensitive sum frequency generation (SFG) spectrum of NaOH aqueous solution by molecular dynamics simulation. The MD analysis reproduced the effects of NaOH on the imaginary χ(2) spectrum, characterized with a positive (upward) shift in the amplitude in midfrequency region (3300-3600 cm-1) and a negative (downward) shift in low frequency (3000-3200 cm-1). We found that the positive shift is a consequence of electric double layers, while the negative shift is attributed to the first solvation shell of OH-. The latter mechanism generally holds for electrolyte solutions, though it becomes conspicuous for the NaOH solution in the low-frequency tail region. These perturbation mechanisms evidence that OH- at the surface is fully hydrated and not preferentially exposed to the surface.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films