Molecular doping is a charge-transfer process intended to improve the performance of organic electronic devices such as organic transistors. We have investigated molecular doping of regioregular poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) layers by 2,3,5,6-tetrafluoro-7,7,8,8-tetracyanoquinodimethane (F4-TCNQ) using infrared absorption spectroscopy in the multiple internal reflection geometry (MIR-IRAS) and conductivity measurements. IRAS data confirm that F4-TCNQ acts as an effective p-type dopant for P3HT; highly doped P3HT displayed an intense, broad absorption band due to polaron ("polaron band") and a high carrier (hole) density which are indicative of the charge transfer between F4-TCNQ and P3HT. We demonstrate that the charge (hole) transferred from the dopant molecule is distributed along the P3HT polymer chain and spreads over at least 10 thiophene monomer units on the chain. From a comparison of the measured conductivity of F4-TCNQ-doped P3HT layers with the carrier density, we show that the carrier mobility is proportional to the concentration of carriers (holes), which suggests that F4-TCNQ doping induces the conformational change of P3HT polymer chains to enhance the mobility of holes in the films of the doped P3HTs.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)