Molecular characteristics of outbreaks of nosocomial infection with influenza A/H3N2 virus variants

Taeko Oguma, Reiko Saito, Hironori Masaki, Kazuhiko Hoshino, Hassan Zaraket, Yasushi Suzuki, Isolde Caperig-Dapat, Clyde Dapat, Tatiana Baranovich, Reiki Kuroki, Yasushi Makimoto, Yutaka Shirahige, Norichika Asoh, Satoshi Degawa, Hidefumi Ishikawa, Hironobu Kageura, Maki Hosoi, Hiroshi Suzuki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE. To describe outbreaks of nosocomial influenza infection with molecular methods and to elucidate the viral linkages among outbreak case patients including both inpatients and healthcare workers (HCWs). SETTING. A 180-bed acute and long-term care hospital in Japan. METHODS. Retrospective observational study of nosocomial outbreaks of infection with influenza A/H3N2. Together with information about onset dates and vaccination history, we obtained nasopharyngeal swab samples from individuals with cases of influenza or influenzalike illness (ILI). The hemagglutinin genes of the recovered viruses were sequenced and compared, along with those of community-circulating strains, for similarity by phylogenetic tree analysis. RESULTS. The outbreaks occurred from February 26 through April 3, 2007, during the 2006-2007 epidemic season, and they involved 11 patients and 13 HCWs. The 2 outbreaks involved 2 different genotypes of influenza A/H3N2 viruses. These virus variants were closely related to the influenza strains that were circulating in the community during the same epidemic season. CONCLUSION. This study showed the dissemination of highly homologous influenza virus variants among inpatients and HCWs within a short period, as a result of nosocomial transmission. These strains were also similar to influenza strains that were circulating in the community.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)267-275
Number of pages9
JournalInfection control and hospital epidemiology
Volume32
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Mar

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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    Oguma, T., Saito, R., Masaki, H., Hoshino, K., Zaraket, H., Suzuki, Y., Caperig-Dapat, I., Dapat, C., Baranovich, T., Kuroki, R., Makimoto, Y., Shirahige, Y., Asoh, N., Degawa, S., Ishikawa, H., Kageura, H., Hosoi, M., & Suzuki, H. (2011). Molecular characteristics of outbreaks of nosocomial infection with influenza A/H3N2 virus variants. Infection control and hospital epidemiology, 32(3), 267-275. https://doi.org/10.1086/658671