Glycogen storage disease type Ib (GSD-Ib) is an inborn error of metabolism with autosomal recessive inheritance, caused by defects in microsomal transport of glucose-6-phosphate. Recently, Gerin et al isolated a human cDNA encoding a putative transporter homologous to bacterial transporters of hexose-6-phosphate, and identified two mutations in its gene in two patients with GSD-Ib. Independently, a linkage analysis mapped the GSD-Ib gene on chromosome 11q23. It remains to be elucidated whether the two genes are identical or GSD-Ib is genetically heterogeneous. We first mapped the transporter gene on chromosome 11 by using a DNA panel of human/hamster hybridoma cells. The result suggested that the GSD-Ib genes identified by the two distinct approaches may be identical and GSD-Ib was allelic. We then studied four unrelated Japanese families with GSD-Ib, and found three novel mutations: a four-base deletion/two-base insertion, a point mutation within a consensus splicing donor site, and a missense mutation (W118R). The W118R mutation was found in 4 out of 8 mutant alleles, suggesting that it is prevalent among Japanese patients.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Biochemical and biophysical research communications|
|Publication status||Published - 1998 Jul 20|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology