MOIRCS: Multi-object infrared camera and spectrograph for the Subaru Telescope

Chihiro Tokoku, Ryuji Suzuki, Takashi Ichikawa, Ken'ichiro Asai, Yuka Katsuno, Koji Omata, Toru Yamada, Atsuo Sasaki, Tetsuo Nishimura

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


MOIRCS (Multi-Object InfraRed Camera and Spectrograph) is one of the second generation instruments for the Subaru Telescope. This instrument is under construction by the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan and Tohoku University. It has imaging and multi-object spectroscopy (MOS) capabilities in the wavelength range from 0.85 μm to 2.5 μm with 4′ × 7′ F.O.V. The focal plane is imaged onto two 2048 × 2048 pixel HAWAII-2 HgCdTe arrays with a pixel scale of 0.″12 pixel-1 through two independent optical trains. The optical design is optimized to maximize K band performance. Unique design of MOIRCS allows multi-object spectroscopy out to K band with cooled multi-slit masks. Twenty-four masks are stored in a mask dewar and are exchanged in the cryogenic environment. The mask dewar has its own vacuum pump and cryogenic cooler, and the masks can be accessed without breaking the vacuum of the main dewar. The two-channel optics and arrays are mounted back-to-back of a single optical bench plate. A PC-Linux based infrared array control system has been prepared to operate HAWAII-2. The first light of MOIRCS is planned in the spring of 2003.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1625-1633
Number of pages9
JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Dec 1
EventInstrument Design for Optical/Infrared Ground-based Telescopes - Waikoloa, HI, United States
Duration: 2002 Aug 252002 Aug 28


  • Cooled optics
  • Infrared FPA
  • Infrared astronomical instrument
  • Multi-object spectroscopy
  • Multi-slit mask
  • Near-infrared

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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