Modified behavioral characteristics following ablation of the voltage-dependent calcium channel β3 subunit

Manabu Murakami, Osamu Nakagawasai, Kazuhiko Yanai, Kazuo Nunoki, Koichi Tan-No, Takeshi Tadano, Toshihiko Iijima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Voltage-dependent calcium channels are important for calcium influx and the ensuing intracellular calcium signal in various excitable membranes. The β subunits of these channels modify calcium currents through pore-forming α1 subunits of the high-voltage- activated calcium channels. In the present study, β3 subunit-null mice were used to investigate the importance of the β3 subunit of the voltage-dependent calcium channel, which couples with the CaV2.2 (α1B) subunit to form the major component of neuronal N-type calcium channels in the brain. Western blot analysis revealed a significant decrease in N-type calcium channels in β3 subunit-null mice, while protein levels of other high-voltage-activated calcium channel α1 subunits were unchanged. Immunoprecipitation analysis with an anti-CaV2.2 antibody showed that reshuffling of the assembly of N-type channels had occurred in the β3 subunit-null mice. Ablation of this subunit resulted in modified nociception, decreased anxiety, and increased aggression. The β3 subunit-null mice also showed impaired learning ability. These results suggest the importance of voltage-dependent calcium channels and the key role of the β3 subunit in memory formation, nociceptive sensory transduction, and various neurological signal transduction pathways.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)102-112
Number of pages11
JournalBrain research
Volume1160
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Jul 30

Keywords

  • Aggression
  • Calcium channel
  • Memory
  • Mouse
  • β subunit

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Developmental Biology

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