MODELS of KILONOVA/MACRONOVA EMISSION from BLACK HOLE-NEUTRON STAR MERGERS

Kyohei Kawaguchi, Koutarou Kyutoku, Masaru Shibata, Masaomi Tanaka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

135 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Black hole-neutron star (BH-NS) mergers are among the most promising gravitational-wave sources for ground-based detectors, and gravitational waves from BH-NS mergers are expected to be detected in the next few years. The simultaneous detection of electromagnetic counterparts with gravitational waves would provide rich information about merger events. Among the possible electromagnetic counterparts from BH-NS mergers is the so-called kilonova/macronova, emission powered by the decay of radioactive r-process nuclei, which is one of the best targets for follow-up observations. We derive fitting formulas for the mass and the velocity of ejecta from a generic BH-NS merger based on recently performed numerical-relativity simulations. We combine these fitting formulas with a new semi-analytic model for a BH-NS kilonova/macronova lightcurve, which reproduces the results of radiation-transfer simulations. Specifically, the semi-analytic model reproduces the results of each band magnitude obtained by the previous radiation-transfer simulations within ∼1 mag. By using this semi-analytic model we found that, at 400 Mpc, the kilonova/macronova is as bright as 22-24 mag for cases with a small chirp mass and a high black hole spin, and >28 mag for a large chirp mass and a low black hole spin. We also apply our model to GRB 130603B as an illustration, and show that a BH-NS merger with a rapidly spinning black hole and a large neutron star radius is favored.

Original languageEnglish
Article number52
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume825
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jul 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • equation of state
  • gamma-ray burst: general
  • gravitational waves
  • radiative transfer
  • stars: black holes
  • stars: neutron

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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