Modeling of Solid Flow in Moving Beds

Jizhong Chen, Tomohiro Akiyama, Hiroshi Nogami, Jun ichiro Yagi, Hiroshi Takahashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

68 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Solid descending flow due to gravity is frequently applied to industrial processes. Several kinds of models have been proposed like the plug flow model, the potential flow model, the kinematic model, etc. In this study, a viscous flow model based on the Navier-Stokes equation has been developed and was compared with the potential flow and the kinematic models. Both two and three dimensional experimental apparatuses have been constructed to observe the velocity fields. The concept of solid viscosity was quoted to describe the friction between particles and the value was obtained from the experimental data. Slip boundary condition was used at the wall and the friction between particles and the wall or the dead zone was expressed by the Fanning equation. Navier-Stokes equation was applied to simulate the solid flow. The good agreement between the observed and computed results was obtained in different scale apparatuses at different solid descending velocities. The computation results gave about 0.07 Pa s as the solid viscosity of sand particles with the diameter of 0.001-0.002m. The solid-gas countercurrent flow was also simulated by the Navier-Stokes equation with the same value of solid viscosity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)664-671
Number of pages8
JournalIsij International
Volume33
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1994

Keywords

  • blastfurnace
  • cold model experiment
  • kinematic model
  • moving bed
  • particle
  • potential flow model
  • solid flow
  • viscous flow model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

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