Modeling of a dispersive tsunami caused by a submarine landslide based on detailed bathymetry of the continental slope in the Nankai trough, southwest Japan

Toshitaka Baba, Yodai Gon, Kentaro Imai, Kei Yamashita, Tetsuo Matsuno, Mitsuru Hayashi, Hiroshi Ichihara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Tsunamis caused by submarine landslides are not accompanied by seismic waves and thus may appear at the coast without warning. In this study, detailed bathymetric surveys with a multi-narrow beam echo sounder were used to map submarine landslides on the continental shelf near Cape Muroto, in the Nankai trough off southwestern Japan. One of the surveyed submarine landslides was selected to supply dimensions for the simulation of a submarine mass movement by a two-layer flow model in which the upper and lower layers correspond to seawater and turbidity currents, respectively. The time series of seafloor deformation during this simulated landslide was used as the boundary condition to drive a tsunami simulation. The results showed strong directivity effects during tsunami generation in which pushing-dominant (positive) tsunami waves propagated seaward, in the direction of the submarine landslide, and pulling-dominant (negative) tsunami waves propagated landward. Both types of waves were strongly modified by frequency dispersion. For pulling-dominant waves, a tsunami simulation that included dispersion (Boussinesq) terms predicted greater maximum tsunami heights than a non-dispersive tsunami simulation. To avoid underestimation of tsunami heights, we recommend including dispersion terms when modeling tsunamis caused by submarine landslides for disaster planning purposes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number228182
JournalTectonophysics
Volume768
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Oct 5

Keywords

  • Directivity
  • Dispersion
  • Nankai trough
  • Submarine landslide
  • Tsunami

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Earth-Surface Processes

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