Model validity of bond-graph elements for power assessment

Kanjuro Makihara, Daisuke Shigeta, Yuta Yamamoto

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)


The benefits of a bond-graph analysis for vibration-based harvesters are presented. The bond graph is a power-based approach for describing dynamic systems by presenting the power flow graphically, which helps in understanding the behavior of complicated systems in simple terms. Energy harvesting involves the conversion of power in a mechanical form to an electrical one, and the bond graph is an appropriate tool for analyzing the power flow. The bond-graph method can be used to calculate the dynamics of the combined mechanical and electrical systems simultaneously. The greatest advantage of the bond-graph technique is that it can be used with the systems that are subject to component swaps because the bond graph involves solving simultaneous algebraic equations instead of differential equations. Common simulation methods such as solving differential equations have difficulty in changing the number of electrical components (inserting, removing, or swapping) because the differential equations will have to be reconstructed to adjust for any changes. In this paper, we first proposed a piezoelectric model that matches the bond-graph method. We then analyze a self-powered energy harvester that has multi-bifurcated and looped flow in the mechanical-electrical coupled dynamics.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication65th International Astronautical Congress 2014, IAC 2014
Subtitle of host publicationOur World Needs Space
PublisherInternational Astronautical Federation, IAF
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9781634399869
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jan 1
Event65th International Astronautical Congress 2014: Our World Needs Space, IAC 2014 - Toronto, Canada
Duration: 2014 Sep 292014 Oct 3

Publication series

NameProceedings of the International Astronautical Congress, IAC
ISSN (Print)0074-1795


Other65th International Astronautical Congress 2014: Our World Needs Space, IAC 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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