Mobility of integrin α5β1 measured on the isolated ventral membranes of human skin fibroblasts

Hiroaki Hirata, Kazuo Ohki, Hidetake Miyata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have measured the lateral mobility of individual α5 integrin molecules in ventral plasma membranes of fibroblasts, which were prepared by removal of apical surfaces and nuclei followed by elimination of actin filaments with gelsolin, an actin-severing protein. The cytoplasmic domain of individual integrin molecules was tagged with 100 nm fluorescent polystyrene bead, and motion of the bead was observed and video-recorded. Position of the bead in each frame was determined from the centroid of the fluorescence image, from which plots of the mean-square displacement against time intervals were derived. Within short intervals of time (<100 ms) the mean-square displacement was proportional to the time interval, and the averaged translational diffusion coefficient of (5.3±4.4)×10-10 cm2/s was obtained with a broad distribution of (1.3-20)×10-10 cm 2/s. The broad distribution might reflect the oligomerized state of integrin. The largest diffusion coefficient was comparable to that of lipid molecules previously measured in cells and probably represented the diffusion of a single integrin molecule in the presence of little interference of actin cytoskeleton or extracellular matrix. In longer time intervals (>100 ms) the motion of the bead was confined in an area, the average diameter of which was 410±160 nm. This was similar to the values described in previous reports, in which the motion of other membrane receptors labeled on their extracellular domain was measured in living cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)100-105
Number of pages6
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - General Subjects
Volume1723
Issue number1-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005 May 25

Keywords

  • Actin cytoskeleton
  • Extracellular matrix
  • Plasma membrane
  • Single particle tracking
  • Translational diffusion coefficient
  • α5β1 integrin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

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