MnS precipitation behavior in MnO-SiO2inclusion in Fe-Mn- Si-O-S alloy system at solid-liquid coexistence temperature

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With the emerging significance of creating an acicular ferrite microstructure to provide an optimum set of properties in steel, MnS precipitation behavior on a MnO-SiO2inclusion at the solid-liquid coexistence temperature was experimentally investigated and thermodynamically elucidated in this study. Using a direct method of forming inclusions, alloy samples with varying sulfur concentrations [Fe-1.1Mn- 0.10Si-0.05O-S (initial mass%); 0.005 to 0.031 initial mass% S] were prepared by holding at the solid-liquid coexistence temperature for 1 hour. In samples with less than 0.011 mass% sulfur, the formation of a MnO-SiO2inclusion with a SiO2-rich precipitate was observed. Formation of SiO2was described as a consequence of silicon enrichment in the liquid phase, which, under appropriate thermodynamic conditions, homogeneously precipitated and later on coalesced with the primary MnO-SiO2phase. On the other hand, in samples with more than 0.022 mass% sulfur, heterogeneous precipitation of MnS along the boundary of the primary MnO-SiO2inclusion and the alloy matrix was observed. Also, the SiO2-rich phase was found to disappear with increasing sulfur addition. Since the likelihood of heterogeneous nucleation is higher than homogeneous nucleation, it was assumed that MnS precipitation on the surface of the primary MnO-SiO2prevented the secondary SiO2- rich inclusion from coalescing with the existing MnO-SiO2inclusion. This was also further validated for solute enrichment in the liquid phase, wherein MnS precipitation temperature was found to shift to higher temperatures in alloys with higher sulfur content.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1610-1616
Number of pages7
JournalIsij International
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Aug 15


  • Acicular ferrite
  • Microsegregation
  • MnS precipitation
  • Solid-liquid coexistence temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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