Mitochondrial proton leak kinetics and relationship with feed efficiency within a single genetic line of male broilers

W. Bottje, M. D. Brand, C. Ojano-Dirain, K. Lassiter, M. Toyomizu, T. Wing

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)


Studies were conducted to assess proton leak kinetics (proton conductance) in breast muscle mitochondria isolated from broiler breeder males within a single genetic line exhibiting either high (HFE) or low (LFE) feed efficiency. Proton leak kinetics were determined by simultaneously measuring mitochondrial membrane potential and state 2 (resting) respiration rate in breast muscle mitochondria as succinate oxidation was progressively decreased by malonate. Control proton conductance was similar in HFE and LFE mitochondria and decreased to a similar extent in both groups in response to BSA. Although treatment of mitochondria with Glu or guanosine diphosphate had no effect, retinal increased and carboxyatractylate alone or in combination with Glu decreased proton conductance relative to control proton conductance in both HFE and LFE mitochondria. After treatment with either guanosine diphosphate or carboxyatractylate alone, proton conductance was lower in HFE compared with LFE mitochondria. With the exception of BSA, proton conductance in HFE mitochondria after the various chemical treatments was either less than or equal to, and never greater than, proton conductance in the LFE mitochondria. The results suggest that there are subtle differences in membrane characteristics (e.g., lipids, integral membrane proteins) that affect proton conductance in broiler muscle mitochondria that may in turn play a role in the phenotypic expression of feed efficiency.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1683-1693
Number of pages11
JournalPoultry science
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Aug


  • Broiler
  • Feed efficiency
  • Mitochondria
  • Proton leak kinetics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology


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