Mitigation of soil N2O emission by inoculation with a mixed culture of indigenous Bradyrhizobium diazoefficiens

Hiroko Akiyama, Yuko Takada Hoshino, Manabu Itakura, Yumi Shimomura, Yong Wang, Akinori Yamamoto, Kanako Tago, Yasuhiro Nakajima, Kiwamu Minamisawa, Masahito Hayatsu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Agricultural soil is the largest source of nitrous oxide (N2O), a greenhouse gas. Soybean is an important leguminous crop worldwide. Soybean hosts symbiotic nitrogen-fixing soil bacteria (rhizobia) in root nodules. In soybean ecosystems, N2O emissions often increase during decomposition of the root nodules. Our previous study showed that N2O reductase can be used to mitigate N2O emission from soybean fields during nodule decomposition by inoculation with nosZ++ strains [mutants with increased N2O reductase (N2OR) activity] of Bradyrhizobium diazoefficiens. Here, we show that N2O emission can be reduced at the field scale by inoculation with a mixed culture of indigenous nosZ+ strains of B. diazoefficiens USDA110 group isolated from Japanese agricultural fields. Our results also suggested that nodule nitrogen is the main source of N2O production during nodule decomposition. Isolating nosZ+ strains from local soybean fields would be more applicable and feasible for many soybean-producing countries than generating mutants.

Original languageEnglish
Article number32869
JournalScientific reports
Volume6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Sep 16

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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