The microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF) gene encodes a basic helix-loop-helix and leucin zipper protein. In this study, we identified a novel MITF isoform, MITF-CM, which possesses a unique amino terminus. Exon 1CM is located 84 kb upstream of the exon encoding the B1b domain. MITF-CM was expressed in the human mast cell line HMC-1, the human basophilic cell line KU812, and CB-derived mast cells cultured for 10 weeks as well as bone marrow mononuclear cells. Transient transfection of MITF-CM cDNA in COS-7 cells resulted in the expression of a 64-kDa protein, detected by Western blotting, and nuclear localization of the protein, detected by immunostaining. The transient cotransfection of a luciferase construct under the control of the tyrosinase promoter and MITF-CM cDNA increased luciferase activity threefold. In contrast, none of the MITF isoforms transactivated both the tryptase and chymase gene promoters, indicating differences in the gene transactivation system between humans and mice.
- Cultured mast cells
- Microphthalmia-associated transcription factor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Biochemistry, medical